Depression is not just a feeling. And it’s a real medical condition that needs treatment. If left untreated, depression can have devastating consequences for both individuals and society. Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, over 300 million adults are affected by depression around the globe. This means that more than half of all adults experience some form of depression at least once during their lives.

What causes depression:

The exact cause of depression is unknown. However, several things may trigger depression, including:

1. Genetics

Some people inherit a genetic predisposition towards depression. For example, if someone in your family has experienced depression before, you may be more likely to develop depression yourself.

2. Medications

Certain medications can cause depression. These include certain types of antidepressants and antipsychotics. Antidepressants work by increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin regulates mood, sleep patterns, and appetite. Some people who take these drugs report sadness, irritability, and anxiety.

3. Health conditions

Other health problems can lead to depression. Examples include thyroid disorders, heart disease, cancer, stroke, head injuries, and chronic pain. People with these illnesses often feel tired, weak, and depressed.

4. Grief

If someone close to you dies, especially suddenly or unexpectedly, you may experience grief. Of course, grief is normal when someone we love dies. But prolonged grief can make you feel sad, anxious, angry, and hopeless.

5. Illness

Physical illnesses such as arthritis, asthma, heart disease, diabetes, or an infection can affect how you think, feel and behave. As a result, you may feel tired, stressed out, or even suicidal.

6. Stress

When you’re under stress, your body releases hormones called glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids regulate blood sugar, immune function, and inflammation. They also play a role in regulating emotions and behavior. Chronic stress can lead to depression because it disrupts the balance between glucocorticoid hormones and neurotransmitters.

7. Lifestyle choices
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Your lifestyle choices can influence whether you become depressed. For example, smoking, drinking too much alcohol, eating unhealthy foods, and being physically inactive can put you at higher risk of developing depression.

9. Mental health issues

People with mental health problems, such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder are more likely to suffer from depression.

Ways to prevent depression:

There are ways to reduce the chances of developing depression. The following tips may help you stay healthy and happy:

1. Do sport regularly

Exercise helps keep your mind sharp and improves your overall sense of well-being. In addition, regular exercise reduces stress and boosts your immune system.

2. Reduce stress

Stress from everyday life can cause depression. Learn relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga.

3. Monitor your health

Make sure that you get enough rest every day and eat nutritious foods. A balanced diet provides the vitamins and minerals needed to fight depression.

Growth hormone should also be taken into consideration when dealing with depression. HGH is a natural hormone that plays a role in regulating metabolism, growth, and development. It is secreted primarily by the anterior pituitary gland. Its secretion declines with aging and certain diseases. If you considering of how to get HGH prescription, note that it’s only for people with proven hormone deficiency.  Therefore, it is believed that taking Growth hormone supplements may improve mental function and relieve symptoms associated with depression.

4. Talk about your feelings

Depression makes us less social. Talking about our feelings can help lift our spirits. Try talking to friends or family members about what you are going through. They will understand and support you.

5. Work on a positive attitude

It’s important to maintain a positive outlook in life. If you have a negative attitude, it can bring down your mood. On the other hand, positive thinking can boost your self-esteem and give you confidence.

6. Stop blaming yourself

When you blame yourself for something bad happening in your life, you create a vicious cycle. This leads to guilt, which causes further unhappiness. So instead, try to find solutions to problems.

How to avoid depression?

Depression is a serious problem that affects many people. Fortunately, there are tips to make you avoid depression, such as:

1. Avoid toxic people

Avoid negative friends and relatives because they will only bring you down. Instead, surround yourself with positive people who lift you.

2. Sleep well

Getting adequate amounts of sleep each night is essential for maintaining good mental health. Lack of sleep causes fatigue, which leads to depression.

3. Eat healthy food

Eating a balanced diet full of fruits and vegetables keeps you healthy and prevents depression.

4. Drink water

Water flushes toxins through the body and keeps you hydrated. Drinking plenty of water also helps maintain proper blood pressure levels.

5. Take care of yourself

Taking care of yourself includes eating right, sleeping well, exercising, and getting enough rest. If you do not look after yourself properly, you cannot expect others to care for you.

6. Get plenty of sunshine

Sunlight stimulates vitamin D production, which is important for bone strength and muscle tone. Sun exposure also increases blood flow to the skin, helping the body produce more serotonin (a mood-elevating chemical).

7. Be active

Regular exercise releases endorphins, chemicals that boost energy and give you a feeling of well-being. Exercise also relieves tension and anxiety.

In conclusion, depression is an illness that needs medical attention. However, you don’t need to suffer from this condition forever. There are ways to prevent depression and treat it once it has started.