What Is Composite Supply In GST?

Charlotte Miller

Updated on:

Are you curious to know what is composite supply in gst? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about composite supply in gst in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is composite supply in gst?

In the labyrinthine world of taxation, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system introduced in India revolutionized the way goods and services are taxed, bringing about a unified structure that replaced a myriad of indirect taxes. Among the nuanced concepts within the GST framework lies the notion of “Composite Supply,” a pivotal aspect that determines the tax treatment for bundled transactions involving goods or services.

What Is Composite Supply In GST?

In simple terms, a Composite Supply under GST refers to a transaction wherein two or more goods or services are supplied together, but one of them is the principal supply while the others are ancillary or incidental to it. The tax treatment for such transactions is based on the principal supply, influencing the applicable tax rate and treatment for the entire bundled offering.

Elements Of Composite Supply:

A Composite Supply comprises two distinct elements:

  • Principal Supply: This is the primary or dominant component of the transaction, the main reason for the composite supply to exist. It determines the tax rate and treatment for the entire bundle.
  • Ancillary or Incidental Supply: These are secondary or supporting elements that accompany the principal supply. Their presence is essential for the provision of the principal supply.

Tax Treatment And Impact:

The GST treatment for a composite supply is determined by the principal supply within the bundle. The tax rate applicable to the entire transaction is based on the principal supply’s classification under GST. This ensures a uniform tax treatment for the entire bundle, streamlining the taxation process for composite supplies.

Differentiating Composite Supply From Mixed Supply:

It’s essential to discern between Composite Supply and Mixed Supply, as both involve the supply of multiple goods or services.

  • Composite Supply: In this case, the items are supplied together in the ordinary course of business, and one element is considered principal while the others are ancillary. The tax treatment is based on the principal supply.
  • Mixed Supply: In a mixed supply, two or more individual goods or services are supplied together, but they don’t naturally form part of a composite supply. Each component retains its distinct identity and can be supplied separately. Taxation for mixed supplies involves the highest applicable tax rate among the individual supplies.

If you want to know about similar topics click here Cuttwebs.

Examples Of Composite Supply:

  • A combo meal at a restaurant where the main dish (principal supply) is accompanied by ancillary items like beverages or desserts.
  • The sale of a computer (principal supply) bundled with a free printer (ancillary supply).

Impact On Taxation And Compliance:

Understanding Composite Supply is crucial for businesses to determine the correct tax rate and compliance requirements for bundled transactions. It streamlines tax calculations and ensures adherence to GST regulations, avoiding discrepancies and penalties arising from misinterpretation or misclassification.


Composite Supply in GST embodies the cohesive treatment of bundled transactions, emphasizing the significance of the principal supply in determining tax implications. Its nuanced understanding is indispensable for businesses to navigate the intricacies of GST, ensuring accurate tax compliance and fostering a transparent and uniform taxation system in India.


What Is Composite Supply With Example?

Example 2: A dealer sells a brand-new vehicle along with registration, insurance, a tool kit and first aid kit, and 4 free maintenance services. This is a composite supply, because vehicle insurance, registration and free maintenance services cannot be supplied without the vehicle (which is the principal supply).

What Is Composite GST?

Ans. Composition scheme is a scheme for payment of GST available to small taxpayers. whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year did not cross Rs. 75 lakhs.

What Is Continuous Supply In GST?

What is a Continuous supply of Goods? Continuous supply of goods means supplying goods that are provided or agreed to be provided continuously or on a recurring basis. Under continuous supply of goods, the supplier invoices the customer on a regular or periodic basis as per the contract.

What Is Composite Supply Under GST Taxguru?

A composite supply involves two or more goods or services naturally combined and supplied together. The primary supply is considered the principal supply, and the tax liability is determined based on its applicable tax rate. In contrast, a mixed supply comprises two or more commodities or services sold together.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Composite Supply In GST With Example

What Is Composite Supply In GST With Example

What Is Composite Supply In GST Pdf

What Is Composite Supply In GST Calculator

Difference Between Composite Supply And Mixed Supply In Tabular Form

Difference Between Mixed Supply And Composite Supply Under GST

Composite Supply GST Rate

Principal Supply In GST

What Is Mixed Supply

What Is Composite Supply In GST